There are numerous end user operations that can be performed on the computer such as creation, editing, and deletion of different files. All these processes result in fragmentation which is a term used in memory allocation in which a single file occupies space in different storage locations on the hard disk. In memory allocation efficiency is key and multiple allocation of space to the same file does not ensure efficiency. The storage of the same file in different locations means that the file is not contiguous and the storage space is wasted.

How fragmentation occurs

When a file is created, edited or delegated there are many instances of the same that are saved in different parts of the hard disk. Editing and storage of old files is the most common culprit of fragmentation as the new version will occupy more space and must be allocated to a different portion of the hard disk to cater for the extra space needed. In most cases, the system will store the file in pieces at different locations. The storage locations occupied will end up being too small for any useful purpose and so it is left without use.

Fragmentation is not to be taken lightly as it can cause damages to the overall performance of the operating system. It causes the system to slow down in terms of performance and it can overload the computer. On the other hand, overusing resources in the few process leads to the underperformance of applications.

Types of fragmentations

There are two major types of fragmentations:

External fragmentations

This type of fragmentation reduces the space on the hard disk that is usable. In most cases, it occurs when the allocated space is not used fully leaving behind a small amount of space in between blocks of allocated memory that cannot be useful when allocating space in the future.

The fragmentation of a block in the middle of a series of blocks leaves smaller unused memory spaces waiting for smaller memory requests. In the end, you may think there is enough space but when you want to install a program or are in you want to save a file, the computer will tell you that space is not enough. Even though there seems to be enough space, it is not contiguous meaning it is not usable due to the fragmentation.

Internal fragmentation

Internal fragmentation occurs when a file is stored in storage space and in the end the file is too small to fill up the space. When a memory is requested and an allocated, it turns out to be bigger than the one requested, resulting in a small portion of unused memory. The problem with block allocation is that no matter the size of the memory requested the allocated memory will not be manipulated to fit the client need. In most cases, the unused spaces are small bytes such as 2 bytes that is likely not to be used.

Installing DriverAssist can help you to scan and review your computer drivers to fix any fragmentation problem. Therefore, consider getting DriverAssist today and keep your computer safe from fragmentation problems.